(BPT) - Wherever you are in the United States, winter is coming, and for some parts of the country it’s already here. That brings festivities, good cheer, and in at least 70 percent of the country, snow and ice on the roads. While you may think those big, old plow trucks look like something vaguely Jurassic and definitely old fashioned, there is an awful lot of high tech stuff in those plows, helping to keep our roads safe and traffic moving during these winter months.
Of course, all vehicles are a lot more high-tech than they were 10 years ago, but the whole winter maintenance field is undergoing a bit of a revolution with respect to technology. That new technology is beginning to have a profound and beneficial effect not only on your local streets department or highway agency, but also on the safety of the roads in winter, and the ease with which we can travel on them. Salting and plowing can reduce crashes by up to 88 percent in winter storm conditions, and that is a level of safety we can all appreciate.
Some of those changes can be quite obvious to us, as in the Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT) “Track a plow” website. On that website, anyone can see in near real time where any of the Iowa DOT trucks are located. For many of those trucks, you can also view a photograph taken through the windshield of the truck, which is updated every five minutes, so you get a real idea of what the actual road conditions look like. You can also see which trucks are applying materials to the road (and whether it is a solid or a liquid) and in what quantities. As Dr. Anna Arvidsson of VTI, the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, said of the website, “Wow, that is so cool. I could not even get access to historical data from snowplows in Sweden. And here I can see temperatures both air and surface and spread amount.”
The value of this sort of system to road users is pretty obvious - we can see what the roads are like for ourselves along the route we are planning on taking, and thus make a well-informed decision as to whether we should allow more time for our trip, or perhaps simply stay home. The City of Chicago has a similar system that allows city residents (and anyone else who is interested) to see where the city plows are in near real time.
The benefits of the system extend to commercial transportation as well. A severe winter storm that closes down roads across a whole state may cost the economy up to $700 million per day, so knowing the conditions of the roads can be very important.
But there is another area in which technology is bringing huge changes in winter maintenance, and that is in the whole arena of managing resources. Increasingly, the salt spreaders on the back of those plow trucks are computer controlled, and the computers track not just how much material they are putting down on the road, but where they are placing it, so environmentally sensitive areas can be protected more effectively.
These devices are also tracking the condition of the road surface itself, measuring the pavement temperature (which, much more so than the air temperature determines how effective salt will be when it is placed on the pavement, and guides how much salt should be applied) and in some cases, even measuring the grip of the pavement (how slippery it is) and using that information directly to adjust the application rate.
This new technology allows agencies to provide the level of service on the roads the public wants and needs, while controlling costs and essentially eliminating any environmental concerns about salt use. Kevin Hensley, the stormwater supervisor for the City of West Des Moines, noted new technology allows their agency to manage their activities much better because they can measure what they are doing so much more effectively. “If we can measure it, then we can manage it so much better,” he says.
Better management has some real bottom line benefits for taxpayers, too. “We have decreased our per-storm maintenance costs by between 30 and 50 percent while providing an improved level of service to our community,” says Bret Hodne, the director of Public Works for the City of West Des Moines. Those sorts of savings will keep you feeling warm and toasty inside, no matter how chilly the winter weather gets!
(BPT) - Warming up his car for a few minutes before heading to work is a winter morning routine for Steve Bailey. “I hate getting into a cold car, so letting it warm up for five minutes is as important for me as for the vehicle,” says Bailey, who lives in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
“My car is parked outside and I think it runs better after idling for a while, especially on below-zero mornings,” he says.
Plenty of cold-climate folks share Bailey’s winter car-care philosophy. But advancements in engine technology is reducing the need to idle, even in colder temperatures. According to many auto industry experts, the efficiency of today’s fuel-injected engines makes winter idling nearly unnecessary for most cars. U.S. Department of Energy experts report driving a gas-powered vehicle warms it twice as fast as idling it, and most auto manufacturers recommend starting your car, then driving slowly after only about 30 seconds of idling.
Excessive idling also wastes fuel and adds harmful emissions to the atmosphere. Many states and municipalities have enacted idling restrictions to curb auto emissions and minimize human exposure to carbon monoxide and other noxious exhaust gases.
Instead of warming your car each morning this winter, you’ll be better off taking time now to winterize your vehicle. AAA recommends checking these five key areas:
Consider an oil change. “Motor oil is one of the most important fluids in a car, so it’s important to go into winter knowing you’ve got clean, high-quality oil to keep the engine lubricated, even in frigid temperatures,” says Andrew Hamilton, technical services manager for Cenex brand lubricants.
Deciding whether to change your car’s oil type before temperatures plunge depends on the number of miles you drive and the type of motor oil you use. “Traditional mineral-based oils tend to thicken in cold temperatures, which can cause unnecessary engine wear,” says Hamilton. “They also need to be changed more often than newer synthetic-blend or full-synthetic oils. Full synthetic oils, like Cenex Maxtron 5W-30, flow better at low temperatures, for easier cold startups, and they provide longer performance, taking most cars up to 10,000 miles between oil changes.”
Not sure which oil to buy? Hamilton recommends using the online vehicle and equipment lookup tool found at Cenex.com. “Find your vehicle’s make and model, and the tool will give you engine oil recommendations that match its maintenance needs.”
Check tire pressure. Properly inflated tires maximize traction on wet or icy roads and help protect against wheel damage from potholes.
Test your battery. Batteries usually give little notice before dying. Since cold temperatures can reduce power by up to 50 percent, batteries that have been used for three years or more should be tested. Make sure posts and connections are free of corrosion. Remove any corrosion with a solution of baking soda and water, using a small wire brush.
Top off antifreeze. Make sure your car’s radiator contains the proper amount of a 50/50 mix of coolant and water. You can check the composition of radiator fluid using an inexpensive tester, available at auto parts stores. Be sure to check the antifreeze label to see if the product you are buying is premixed.
Inspect wipers and fluid level. Shorter days and precipitation ranging from snow and ice to sleet and rain pose visibility challenges in winter. Make sure wiper blades are in good condition and replace them if they’re more than a year old. Be sure the windshield washer fluid reservoir is filled with no-freeze washer fluid.
For additional automotive maintenance tips and an opportunity to nominate someone for free fuel this winter, visit Cenex.com.
(BPT) - It’s time again when millions faithfully pledge to better themselves by making numerous New Year’s resolutions. Some estimates report more than 40 percent of Americans make New Year’s resolutions, yet only about 8 percent achieve their goals. Happy New Year, indeed.
The typical list of New Year’s resolutions include: losing weight, working out more, quitting smoking, getting a better job, spending less and saving more.
Not surprisingly, missing on everyone’s top 10 checklist is an important resolution that’s incredibly easy to achieve: checking your tires monthly and maintaining them. “Even though tires are the only part of a vehicle touching the road and play a valuable role in our everyday lives, they usually go unnoticed,” says Bob Abram, product planning manager for Yokohama Tire Corporation, manufacturer of everything from ultra-high performance tires for passenger cars and SUVs to tires for buses and trucks.
“Year round, tires have an enormous impact on our driving. They influence the braking, steering, comfort, handling, fuel efficiency and driving safety of every vehicle. Making sure the tread is in good shape and your tires are properly inflated helps increase traction on wet and icy roads, which is especially important during the winter season.”
However, to keep your tires in tip-top shape for better stopping distance and control, you routinely have to check them to make sure they are properly inflated. “Tire pressure is critical,” says Abram. “When a tire is underinflated, the car’s weight rests more on the tire’s shoulders than its center. That not only causes poor fuel economy, but also uneven wear.”
Abram says knowing more about your tires - including which ones are best for your vehicle - will ensure a better, longer-lasting ride. “At Yokohamatire.com you can easily find out which tires work best for what you drive, plus details on how to maintain them. For example, if you drive a crossover, SUV or minivan, you can learn about a tire like the GEOLANDAR G055, which is specifically engineered for the most common and demanding uses of those vehicles.”
Abram says start the year right by pledging to take care of your tires to enhance vehicle control and maximize safety. His tire care New Year’s resolution tips include:
Checking your tire pressure at least once a month. Consult the vehicle’s owner’s manual or placard on the driver’s door to determine proper tire pressure. Tire pressure should be checked when the tires are cold.
Rotating your tires regularly promotes even wearing of tread. Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles.
Checking your alignment at least once a year or sooner, especially if the vehicle is pulling to one side. This will help avoid uneven wear on tire tread. Tire balance should also be monitored.
Replacing the tire before the tread wears down below 2/32 of an inch. A quick and easy tread test involves placing a penny into the grooves of the tire. If Lincoln’s head is completely visible, the tires should be replaced.
(BPT) - Ice, rain, snow and freezing temperatures can wreak havoc on your car. To keep your family safe on the slippery roads this winter, it's important to take a few simple winterization steps.
According to the International Carwash Association, proper maintenance can also go a long way in helping preserve the investment in your vehicle. Follow these five tips to keep your vehicle in top shape throughout the winter weather:
Switch engine oil: Oil lubricates the engine so it can function properly, but not all automobile oil is the same. If you live in a cold climate, consider switching to a thinner, less viscous oil. For example, a 10W-30 might be ideal for hot summer weather, but a thicker 5W-30 is better for when temperatures dip below freezing. Ask your auto mechanic what is recommended and refer to the manufacturer's manual for more insight.
Maintain a car wash routine: Due to the presence of ice, salt and sand on the roads, washing your vehicle in the winter is even more important than the summer. Getting a car wash and a fresh coat of wax before the temperature begins to drop can be your first line of defense against winter elements. Vehicular corrosion occurs most quickly when the temperature rises and falls below freezing. The International Carwash Association recommends finding a car wash that is part of the WaterSavers program. There are more than 1,500 environmentally friendly car washes worldwide enrolled in the program that meet water quality and usage standards. These car washes use 40 gallons (151.5 liters) or less of fresh water per car. Find a participating car wash near you by visiting www.washwithwatersavers.com.
Check the battery: Cold weather can take a toll on your car’s battery. Before you get stranded, give your battery a once-over to make sure it's in tip-top shape. Check the cables, terminals and fluid and look for anything abnormal. Some battery retailers will conduct a complementary car battery assessment if you'd prefer an expert analysis.
Update engine coolant: Just because it's chilly doesn't mean your engine can't overheat. To protect your engine against corrosion and to help ensure it doesn't overheat, ask your car technician to change to a coolant with ethylene glycol which has antifreeze properties. While replacing coolants, ask the technician to make sure all fluids are topped off, including window washer solution.
Get a grip on tire safety: If you live in an area where winter means driving in snow and ice, it's critical to check your tires to keep you and your passengers safe. Each tire should have an adequate amount of tread to properly grip the road. You can easily see if new tires are needed with the penny test — hold a penny head down in the center tread. If you see the top of Lincoln's head, you have less than 2/32-inch tread and it's time for new tires. Also be sure to your tires are properly inflated to ensure optimum handling, safety, and fuel efficiency.
Taking the time to properly winterize your car not only ensures the comfort and safety of you and your family but also helps you maintain the value of your car for many winters to come.
For more information visit www.washwithwatersavers.com
(NewsUSA) - Google has been making news in recent months for its work in a ground-breaking area: driverless automobile technology.
A prototype of Google's new self-driving car -- a two-passenger electric vehicle with buttons to turn the vehicle on and off, but no steering wheel, accelerator pedal or brake pedal -- was unveiled in May. Without a driver at the wheel, the car is instead guided by a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) rotating sensor on the vehicle's roof that scan the vehicle's surroundings to determine its driving route as well as to identify such obstacles as pedestrians, bicyclists and other cars.
While Google is widely considered a front-runner in the development of such advanced automation technology, the major automakers are also getting into the race. Albeit at a more conservative pace, they're introducing automated features that perform specific tasks -- such as adaptive cruise control, lane departure warning and collision-avoidance braking -- to their new car models.
According to a recent report by Lux Research, cars with these so-called "Level 2" features are expected to account for 92 percent of a worldwide $87 billion-per-year autonomous car market by 2030. Only 8 percent of the market will go to "Level 3" cars, which would be primarily driven autonomously, but would allow drivers to regain control of the vehicle in an emergency.
In addition, the research firm doesn't expect any fully automated vehicles on the road by 2030. "We consider that ultimate level, Level 4, to be full autonomy, where you just get in and you don't interact with the car at all," explained Cosmin Laslau, lead analyst at Lux Research. "And we don't think that's coming by 2030. The biggest opportunity that we see will be actually from the Level 2 features, which are the more conventional advances that we're already starting to see come onto the market from higher-end developers."
Hermann Winner, director and professor of automotive engineering at Germany's Technische Universität Darmstadt, agreed. "We will start with a partially automated car, then a highly automated one," he said, adding that he doesn't expect a completely autonomous car -- one with no specific limitations with respect to traffic environment or driving speed -- on the market for the next 40 years. "The big challenge to total automation is getting safety approval. Even if you assume the system is ready by 2020, approval is going to be problematic."
Winner is scheduled to address the challenges facing the development of the driverless car during the panel session "IT Meets the Automobile: Interactive Advanced Vehicle Technologies and Self-Driving Cars" at the ASME Advanced Design and Manufacturing Impact Forum in Buffalo, New York. Visit www.asme.org for more information.
(NewsUSA) - Indications are rosy for U.S. auto sales now that the recession is in the rearview mirror.
According to analysts -- who are bullish on the industry -- new vehicle sales will hit their highest level since 2006, as consumers look to replace aging cars and trucks. In fact, estimated sales are expected to land somewhere between 16 million and 16.5 million, near pre-recession levels, which would mean an increase of around 5.8 percent.
Experts caution that this number is down from last year's 7.6 percent growth, and would be the industry's smallest increase since sales bottomed out at 10.4 million vehicles in 2009. The takeaway? Automakers can afford to be cautiously optimistic about sales for the remainder of the year, but also need to understand that as growth sales slow, they will have to be diligent with their marketing and incentive offerings.
Rick Baranski, director of publisher relations for U.S. Suburban Press (USSPI), maintains that the most effective auto-marketing strategies use local newspaper and targeted email to increase sales. USSPI is an advertising network of community newspapers around the U.S. and is now a recognized leader of nationally aggregated email campaigns delivering targeted quantities of 50K and under through its eZIPs program.
"Local newspapers are the primary information source used during the car-buying process," says Baranski. "The eZIPS email program that we offer complements the print ads by reaching individuals who are most likely to be shopping for a vehicle at the moment."
Scott Slobodnik, brand manager of eZIPs, cites a case study of a dealership that sent out almost 39,000 emails at a cost of just over $3,800 using its eZIPs program.
"That dealership sold 31 vehicles, for a return on investment of almost $52,000," says Slobodnik.
As a matter of perspective, the National Automobile Dealers Association estimates that the national marketing cost per vehicle sold is $644, while the eZIPs program delivers on average $250, and as little as $88.
"Dealers in the program are seeing outstanding results," adds Slobodnik. "In most cases, there are six to 12 cars being sold per 10,000 e-mails that are sent out."
With more people working and willing to spend their money to replace aging vehicles, coupled with low interest rates, what is clear is that the short-term future for auto sales remains bright.
For more information, visit www.usspi.com.
(NewsUSA) - It's the season of sunshine and road trips -- and if you want to get the most out of your four-wheeled adventure, you better pack a map to go along with that electronic GPS.
"The best reason to keep paper maps in your vehicle, especially on long road trips, is because GPS isn't always reliable," says Cynthia Ochterbeck, editorial director of Michelin Travel Partner.
Confirming this trend, a 2013 Harris Interactive survey of 2,200 U.S. drivers who use GPS found that 63 percent say that the technology has led them astray at least once by pointing them in the wrong direction or creating complex, confusing and incorrect routes.
So, while it may seem that paper maps have gone the way of Atari's Pong, they are still just as important as ever -- not to mention many other benefits that you don't get with some GPS devices.
"One of the greatest characteristics of paper maps is that you get all of the details, [such as] points of interest," says Ochterbeck. "Plus, you don't risk getting lost when you lose the signal or the battery dies on your cell phone or GPS device."
Another benefit is that, in addition to printed maps providing efficient ways of understanding road networks that surround particular areas, the information is very reliable. Plus, new specialized maps, like Michelin's Zoom Maps, are aiming to enhance the paper map experience.
Most people recognize Michelin for its tires, but, unknown to many, it also has a 112-year history of creating maps and travel guides. In fact, it provided the maps that were used by the Allies for the D-Day invasion. Improving on this history, the new Zoom Maps offer seven regional maps for travel in the U.S., with the ability to zoom in on more detail in urban areas. In addition, the new maps have a "not-to-be-missed" event calendar for regions, in an easy-to-fold system so you don't have to unfold the entire map.
"Technology is great, but a printed map is one of the most important tools a traveler in an unfamiliar setting can have -- the battery doesn't die, it is easy to use, and it allows you to make decisions on route changes if necessary," says Ochterbeck. "Even better, there are no roaming or data charges to worry about."
For more information, visit www.michelintravel.com.